on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Hydertan (Citalopram)

Hydertan is an antidepressant medication that affects neurotransmitters, the chemicals that nerves within the brain use to communicate with each other. Neurotransmitters are manufactured and released by nerves and then travel and attach to nearby nerves. Thus, neurotransmitters can be thought of as the communication system of the brain. Many experts believe that an imbalance among neurotransmitters is the cause of depression. Hydertan works by preventing the uptake of one neurotransmitter, serotonin, by nerve cells after it has been released. Since uptake is an important mechanism for removing released neurotransmitters and terminating their actions on adjacent nerves, the reduced uptake caused by Hydertan results in more free serotonin in the brain to stimulate nerve cells. Hydertan is in the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a class that also contains fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil) and sertraline (Zoloft). Hydertan was approved by the FDA in July 1998. Hydertan is approved for treating depression.

Other names for this medication:
Citalopram, Celexa, Akarin, Arpolax, Aurex, Belmazol, Calton, Celapram, Celius, Ciazil, Cilift, Cimal, Ciprager, Cipram, Cipramil, Ciprapine, Ciprotan, Cital, Citalec, Citapram, Citara, Citaxin, Citol, Citopam, Citox, Citrex, Citrol, Citronil, Dalsan, Depramil, Elopram, Eostar, Humorap, Hydertan, Laira, Lopram, Lopraxer, Opra, Oropram, Prisdal, Proximax, Relaxol, Sepram, Seropram, Somac, Talohexal, Talosin, Temperax, Verisan, Vodelax, Zebrak, Zentius,

Similar Products:
Neogram, Zefu, Virless, Adapin, Allerfex, Elyzol, Lamotrigine, Sofab, Pripsen, Eupantol, Kventiax, Sepram, Tromic, Farcet, Zitrim, Oronazol, Veniz, Sesaren, Ftda, Repligen, Truvada, Ranomax, Femalefil, Alfusin, Trizol, Klabax, Galepsi, Tibutol, Neurolax,

hydertan 20 mg

In 56 N-balance experiments of the influence of differentiated amino acid supplements to coarse barley meal enriched with energy, minerals and additives on the nitrogen metabolism of castrated male pigs, was investigated. A realistic spatiotemporal source model for EEG activity: application to the reconstruction of epileptic depth-EEG signals. These data suggest that distinctive substrate pools exist for Uba1 and Uba6 that reflect non-redundant biological roles for Uba6. Clinico-prognostic value of the electrolyte picture in hypertensive diseases Outpatient clinic in a Veterans Administration Medical Center (VAMC).

hydertan 20 mg

aldrichii detection in pure and mixed culture with ELISA was 10(5) cells ml-1. Murine Kupffer cells (KC) were isolated by a high yield collagenase perfusion technique. Imaging studies were done at baseline and at months 1, 6 and 12 of follow-up. Between January 2007 and April 2011 70 consecutive patients with 71 distal tibia fractures were treated with low-profile locking plate were included.

hydertan 20 mg

Nitric oxide is required for, and promotes auxin-mediated activation of, cell division and embryogenic cell formation but does not influence cell cycle progression in alfalfa cell cultures. Relatively inefficient cell disruption by ultrasonication and osmotic shock lowered the amount of cell protein lost to the lipid extracting solvents. Although several lines of evidence show that myelin-reactive T cells play an essential role in the pathogenesis of MS, recent findings have pointed to the relevance of innate immune system such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs). To assess the incidence of pharyngoesophageal spasm and the results of its prevention. Type II recombination survivors stably maintained chromosomal integrity but exhibited a significantly reduced replicative life span.

hydertan 20 mg

tuberculosis DNA should be performed within containment until complete. Endocapillary proliferation was the unique pathological feature that independently predicted renal outcome. However, the majority of zinc migrating from the anode was precipitated due to the high pH environment in the cathode region. A sound understanding of the strengths and limitations of the current computer analysis programs is essential to avoid over-reliance on computer analysis and to prevent the inappropriate management of patients.

hydertan 20 mg

Analysis of genetic distances and population structure grouped the three Egyptian goat breeds together, and separated them from the two Italian breeds. Although this splint was first described in 1969, detailed results and techniques have not been described previously. To our knowledge, retrotracheal ALBCV has not been previously described. There are two strategies to approach the dermatoscopic diagnosis of pigmented skin tumours, namely the verbal-based analytic and the more visual-global heuristic method. BPS has a similar pulmonary vasodilating effect to iNO and can be used as an acute pulmonary vasodilating agent during cardiac catheterization with potential benefits over iNO.

hydertan 20 mg

Serum levels of IGF-I and IGF-II measured before chemotherapy were significantly higher in both NSCLC and SCLC groups in comparison with controls. The study using laser scanning confocal microscopy showed that the drug uptake, the 1O2 generation, and cell death were observed in the 6FP-tBu-DMF-treated cells, while these phenomena were not observed in the 6FP-treated cells. To evaluate the safety and feasibility of biliary tract reoperation by laparoscopy for the patients with retained or recurrent stones who failed in endoscopic sphincterotomy.

hydertan 20 mg

Culture dependent and independent techniques were already used to identify the microbial flora of ET biofilms and also, the antibiotic resistance of microorganisms obtained from ET biofilms was determined. Association of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Incidence With Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Ambulatory Maxillofacial Surgery. AF rarely recur or metastasize, if wide excision has been performed. Neuroregulatory and neuroendocrine GnRH pathways in the hypothalamus and forebrain of the baboon.

hydertan 20 mg

We were able to reconstitute receptor binding in thrombin-treated HTG-VLDL (Sf 100-400) by the specific reincorporation of one mole of apo E into the VLDL. The polar effect on nifM of mutations in the nifU,-S,-V genes of Klebsiella pneumoniae depends on their plasmid or chromosomal location. Is age relevant for the success of treatment of anisometropic amblyopia?

hydertan 20 mg

Controlled trials indicate that in MG, LEMS, and DM, IVIg at a total dose of 2 g/kg is a highly useful therapy. Gonadal function was assessed by determination of the serum levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in 24 children and adolescents 6-98 months after completion of treatment for Hodgkin disease that included pelvic irradiation and/or combination chemotherapy. Mugwort pollen is an important allergen source in hay fever and pollen-related food allergy.

hydertan 20 mg

The introduction fo vasodilators has greatly expanded the therapeutic armamentarium for the management of severe heart failure. Calculations were performed on the crystallographic conformations of alpha-CDs after their separation from the ligand and without minimization. The genotoxicity of Hinosan, an organophosphorus pesticide in the in vivo mouse. To document resource utilization and costs to the Medicare system for elderly patients with high-risk (stages IIB/C, IIIA/B, IIIC) or metastatic (stage IV) melanoma. Patient satisfaction with care in office-based oncology practices.

hydertan 20 mg

Not only were the antibody responses of spleen and lympho node cells to T-cell-dependent and -independent antigens progressively reduced as the period of infection increased, but in addition, the effect of lymphoid cell density and antigen dose on antibody production underwent several sequential changes. MEP recruitment curves in multiple sclerosis and hereditary spastic paraplegia.

hydertan 20 mg

The obtained sequences were also compared to reference strains, i.e. Oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein is present in lipid rafts and caveolin-1-enriched membranes.

hydertan 20 mg

A case of a patient with a confusing referred pain is reported that emphasizes the importance of providing a differential diagnosis in order to avoid inappropriate treatment. The present work deals with removal of hexavalent chromium from synthetic effluents in a batch stirred electrocoagulation cell with iron-aluminium electrode pair coupled with adsorption using granular activated carbon (GAC). To stem a series of rubella outbreaks in Thailand (in 1967, 1974 and 1978), the Ministry of Public Health launched the National Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in 1986.

is 20 mg citalopram a high dose chemotherapy

  • citalopram and weed effects on dogs
  • paradoxical anxiety citalopram 20
  • citalopram withdrawal symptoms itching
  • increasing dose of citalopram
  • degradation products of citalopram withdrawal
  • citalopram 5 mg withdrawal from cymbalta
  • citalopram dose reduction in spect
  • citalopram withdrawal crying spells and hormones
  • citalopram dosage fda
  • head zaps citalopram withdrawal symptoms
  • citalopram withdrawal side effects rash
  • wirkungsweise citalopram 20mg cost
  • citalopram 40 mg experience website
  • citalopram for anxiety propranolol er
  • citalopram 10 mg nebenwirkungen tetanusimpfung
  • citalopram for anxiety how long to work
  • citalopram hbr 10 mg tablet picture 2
  • difference between citalopram hbr and escitalopram vs lexapro
  • no side effects from citalopram withdrawal
  • citalopram anxiety relieved
  • citalopram 10 mg high
  • citalopram pill description search
  • citalopram dosage limits of oxycodone
  • citalopram hbr side effect
  • para que sirve la medicina citalopram for anxiety
  • 5 dimethylamino butyryl citalopram for anxiety
  • citalopram dosage reduction
  • citalopram 30 mg pregnancy calculator
  • citalopram itchy rash
  • citalopram 40 mg vs lexapro and alcohol
  • citalopram apotex 20 mg precious memories
  • hydertan 20 mg
  • citalopram and alcohol mixed
  • citalopram side effects bruising in children
  • citalopram effects wearing off definition
  • 10mg citalopram and pregnancy
  • alvesco spray beipackzettel citalopram
  • pms citalopram overdose
  • ambien drug images citalopram
  • citalopram hbr tablets
  • citalopram dura 20 mg filmtabletten 500mg
  • citalopram escitalopram qt prolongation treatment
  • citalopram and generalized anxiety disorder
  • citalopram hbr 20 mg vs lexapro medication
  • 30 mg of citalopram
  • citalopram-mepha effects secondaires du
  • biopsychiatry citalopram withdrawal
  • citalopram 10 mg tabletka po
  • citalopram 30 mg not working
  • aarane spray beipackzettel citalopram
  • ic citalopram hbr alcohol
  • citalopram mit 5 mg anfangen in german
  • drug interactions abilify citalopram
  • antidepressiva citalopram weight
  • citalopram 5 mg nebenwirkungen hormonspirale
  • coming off citalopram 20 mg cold turkey
  • citalopram hbr 10 mg tablet forum
  • citalopram 10mg picture of pill
  • starting dose of citalopram 40
  • citalopram commercial name for glyphosate
  • citalopram weight gain 2012 electoral votes
  • escitalopram versus citalopram side effects
  • citalopram mit 5 mg beginnende
  • citalopram 40 mg tablets
  • lexam 10 escitalopram vs citalopram
  • va pbm citalopram and alcohol
  • antidepressant withdrawal symptoms citalopram 40
  • citalopram and alcohol
  • citalopram drinking alcohol
  • citalopram mepha 20 dispersible vs soluble
  • citalopram drug
  • citalopram dose dependent qt interval prolongation cause
  • medicamentos que contengan citalopram reviews
  • citalopram hydrobromide 10 mg anxiety medication
  • emc spc citalopram and alcohol
  • antidepressants citalopram side effects nhsp
  • citalopram withdrawal coughing
  • mezclar citalopram y alcohol
  • citalopram vs escitalopram qt prolongation arizona
  • 40 mg citalopram overdose symptoms
  • off label uses for celexa citalopram
  • citalopram and alcohol overdose high body
  • citalopram cold turkey symptoms of pneumonia
  • is 20 mg citalopram a high dose chemotherapy
  • 40 mg citalopram tired
  • udtrapning af citalopram withdrawal symptoms
  • qt verlenging citalopram withdrawal symptoms

hydertan 20 mg

Characterization of the three different states of the cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor in pancreatic acini. In the first case study, a sonic crystal barrier comprising rigid cylindrical scatterers is modeled.

hydertan 20 mg

Early single-center experience with the 3F-enable aortic valve bioprosthesis Mycobacterium is naturally resistant to most drugs due to export of the latter outside bacterial cells by active efflux pumps, resulting in a low intracellular drug concentration. Rapid intersite transfer of acetyl groups and movement of pyruvate dehydrogenase component in the kidney pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. These results are consistent with the existence and typical group sizes of organisms ranging from the pleometrotic ants to the colonial birds and the global population outbreaks and crashes characteristic of organisms such as the migratory locusts and the tree-killing bark beetles.

citalopram mepha 20 dispersible vs soluble

We searched MEDLINE (1980 to May Week 3 2001), EMBASE (1984 to Week 24 2001), BIOSIS (1985 to January 1997), CINAHL (1982 to October 1997), The Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 1997), CHEMABS (1984 to November 1996), SIGLE (1980 to June 1996), CRIB (10th edition, 1995), UK NRR (14th consolidation, September 1996), RSC ( 1980 to February 1997), HealthSTAR (1995 to October 1997), IBSS (1984 to July 1997), NEED (July 1997) and reference lists of relevant articles. Both the filled screw-hole plate constructs and unfilled screw hole plate constructs demonstrated the same torsional and axial stiffness, before and after being subjected to a combined cyclic and axial torsional load. Fluorescence component in the reflectance spectra from coastal waters.

drug interactions abilify citalopram

Post-hoc exploratory factor analyses indicate that the SAND-C may measure more constructs for adolescents than for younger children. Non-enzymic protein glycosylation (glycation) plays important roles in ageing and in diabetes and its secondary complications. As expected, changes in stimulus contrast affected both the magnitude and latency of neuronal responses.

citalopram withdrawal crying spells and hormones

CTAB application by itself did not promote the detachment of biofilms. Ovarian low malignant potential (LMP) tumors have an excellent prognosis when treated by surgical resection. These relationships persist after controlling for extrinsic influences on ANS activity. A redo pouch-anal anastomosis was performed 12 months after the original procedure. Thrombin generation tests (TGTs) are considered to give more detailed information of the overall coagulation capability of a patient than clotting-based routine assays.

off label uses for celexa citalopram

First signs and symptoms such as painful neuropathy (acroparethesia), hypo- or unhidrosis and gastrointestinal disturbances can be found already in childhood and mainly affect quality of life. The results may be used as a starting point for construction of a best-practice programme to improve long-term care.

citalopram dose dependent qt interval prolongation cause

Somatic dysfunction is more severe in individuals with chronic LBP than in individuals without chronic LBP. To that end, we model a system of semiconductor lasers optically coupled to a central laser with a delay. We also found that GGT induction by HNE could be completely blocked by a cocktail of PD98059 and SB203580, suggesting a combined effect of ERK and p38MAPK pathways in HNE-mediated GGT induction. Fat degeneration and necrosis, considered early signs of osteonecrosis, were also observed. Surveys were sent to 5 of the 7 programs whose residents did not attend GORP.

antidepressiva citalopram weight

However, characterizing amorphous solids can be challenging with the commonly available set of biophysical measurements used for proteins in liquid solutions. This is achieved by the direct transfer of the gene encoding the therapeutic agent to the cells of the afflicted tissue or by implanting cells that have been previously genetically modified in vitro. Angina on the Palm: randomized controlled pilot trial of Palm PDA software for referrals for cardiac testing. Computed tomography scan has documented loss of soft tissue within the cartilaginous eustachian tube in patients with patulous eustachian tubes.

mezclar citalopram y alcohol

Single-dose toxicological test for leptospirosis vaccine vax-SPIRAL in mice From these models, partial structure factors and pair correlation functions can be calculated. Control of protein phosphorylation with a genetically encoded photocaged amino acid. Tumor in the prostatic urethra at endoscopic staging was the only factor associated to understaging and shorter survival. An adequate discharge planning reduced anxieties of patients as well as their families, and it also extended the period of home care significantly.

wirkungsweise citalopram 20mg cost

Since EphA2 is required for ephrin-A1 ligand-induced vascular remodeling and is overexpressed in a variety of vascularized human adenocarcinomas, we assessed tumor angiogenesis and metastatic progression in EphA2-deficient host animals. The cleavage of pro-caspase 8, caspase 8 activation and the cleavage of Bid, which links the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways, in the extrinsic pathway of spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis were inhibited by A.

citalopram 40 mg tablets

By using several detect protocols, we found a novel BCR/ABL transcript in a patient with Ph-positive AMLL. The other 2 had no symptoms, but abnormal nodular shadows were revealed by chest radiographs during a health check. The feasibility of comprehensive weights quantitative comparison has been analyzed by using the analytic hierarchy process.

alvesco spray beipackzettel citalopram

Rapid formation of nitrifying granules treating high-strength ammonium wastewater in a sequencing batch reactor. In our study all isolated bacterial strains were comparable in their ability to activate systemic inflammatory response and CRP production. Comparative peptide analysis of avian oncoviral structural protein markers.

citalopram withdrawal side effects rash

Conversely, ITCH depletion increased LATS1 levels, enhancing FAS-induced apoptosis and reducing proliferation, survival, and migration. With improved ultrasonic equipment a more accurate diagnosis of the type of arrhythmia can be made, associated problems such as structural cardiac defects and cardiac compromise can be recognized, and the effects of intrauterine treatment schedules can be closely monitored. The expression of death ligands by fetal trophoblast and maternal decidual cells has been proposed as a mechanism for the establishment of materno-fetal immunotolerance. Cancer screening can be provided on site in adult literacy programs.

citalopram 5 mg nebenwirkungen hormonspirale

Issues surrounding data interpretation and the importance of analyzing the brain as a connected neural network is also discussed. Analysis of this dependency demonstrates that the optimal inhibitor is the one containing carbonyl group in position 1 of the cycle, the ethoxyimino group and alkyl residue in the substituent in position 2, as well as the methoxycarbonyl group in position 4 of the cycle.

aarane spray beipackzettel citalopram

Smoking cessation: an overview of treatment options with a focus on varenicline. Conversely, all acrocentric chromosomes and the Robertsonian fusion product (15/17) exhibited DA/DAPI bright centromeric heterochromatin. Effect of food restriction (undernutrition) on pharmacokinetics of norethindrone in rabbits.

coming off citalopram 20 mg cold turkey

Moreover, conformational changes of protein upon binding with SO and NR are provided by synchronous and circular dichroism (CD) measurements. HGA and Lyme borreliosis are closely related diseases that share vector and reservoirs. Simultaneous Identification of Multiple Causal Mutations in Rice. Accurate measurement of park accessibility can therefore be important in showing the links between opportunities for active behavior and beneficial health outcomes.

hydertan 20 mg

psychrophilum/host cell interactions and appears to be a potential immunogen for a vaccine. KD-287 could thus be useful as a second-generation vaccine and substitute for the current JE-MB vaccine in Korean children.

citalopram mepha 20 dispersible vs soluble

Slightly elevated apoplastic invertase activity resulted in apparent phenotypic changes. Quality of donor tissue influenced cell measures in culture including proliferation rate. The efficacy of the native flumazenil for acute poisoning with benzodiazepines Presynaptic inhibition of glutamate release by neuropeptides: use-dependent synaptic modification. The physiological significance of the 10-Hz activity in the sympathetic nerves was discussed.

antidepressiva citalopram weight

Also, it was discovered from previous studies that body temperature rhythm in daily life is related with sleep disorders and cognitive performances. Thus, some component of the imprinted olfactory homestream memory appears to be retained peripherally.

 Show Hide 
citalopram dose dependent qt interval prolongation cause 2018-10-12

Sensitive and rapid analysis of T1-ribonuclease-resistant oligonucleotides in two-dimensional fingerprinting gels of poliovirus type I genomic RNA. Understanding how menopause is managed in this group is of importance to sildigra super power erfahrungen von optimizing their health. Current medical therapy for chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. We examined if treatment with carvedilol in vivo protected the heart against ischemic injury ex vivo.

citalopram withdrawal symptoms itching 2013-04-30

This is the first case of NAE in whom the neoplastic cells in the blood vessels have been proved to be remineralizing toothpaste novamin side of lymphocytic lineage. The primary objective was to compare benzodiazepine and haloperidol utilization before and after initiation of dexmedetomidine or propofol. Mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1: observations in vivo and their relation to in vitro activation. Spatio-temporal distribution of acidic and basic FGF indicates a role for FGF in rat lens morphogenesis.

pms citalopram overdose 2010-11-05

A case of a young diving fisherman with complicated dysbaric osteonecrosis. A positive role for the environmental regulator H-NS was found for fes, cirA, hisJ, and srlE transcription, whereas it had a primarily negative effect on cysP and garP expression. Monoamine-activated alpha 2-macroglobulin inhibits choline acetyltransferase of embryonic basal forebrain neurons and reversal of the inhibition by NGF and BDNF but not NT-3. Healthy mittoval 10 mg compresse male volunteers injected subcutaneously with 200 mg L-GABOB showed no significant changes in plasma GH, prolactin and cortisol levels. Day care centre (DCC) attendees play a central role in maintaining the circulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) in the population.

head zaps citalopram withdrawal symptoms 2015-07-10

Dinuclear nickel complexes with a Ni(2)O(2) core: a structural and magnetic study. Some ruthenium(III) complexes proscalpin vs finpecia online with aryl-azo 2,4-pentanedione as co-ligands (L(1)H - L(3)H(2)) have been synthesized and characterized spectroscopically IR, (1)H NMR, UV/Vis, ESR, conductimetric) along with elemental analysis and FAB-mass data. Three cell lines, primary human large cell lung cancer cell line (L9981), vector transfection cell line (L9981-pLXSN) and nm23-H1 gene transfection cell line (L9981-nm23-H1-pLXSN), were treated with PKA activator forskolin. Studies using radionuclides are the most appropriate method for estimating renal function. Thus, beta 3 (118-131), a highly conserved region in integrin beta subunits, binds both ligand and cation.

hydertan 20 mg 2010-09-13

An important challenge for metabolic clomipramine hcl uses engineering is identification of gene targets that have material importance. Absorption of some components of seed metabolites in a KMnO4 solution led to a decrease of the inhibitory effect on germination of spores of M. Most studies investigating mental numerical processing involve adult participants and little is known about the functioning of these systems in children.

coming off citalopram 20 mg cold turkey 2015-10-03

Recent development of in vivo and in vitro biochemical approaches has allowed characterization of important aspects about the formation of chitin-glucan covalent cell wall cross-links by cell wall transglycosylases of risperidone 0.5mg for anxiety the CRH family and their biological function. The requirement of Tyr-319 seems specific for EGFR because Ang II-induced activation of other tyrosine kinases, including Src and JAK2, was preserved in cells expressing AT1-Y319F.

citalopram 10mg picture of pill 2012-02-18

This suggests LFA-1 plays an essential role in these responses, either glevo 750 used for sale by enhancing intercellular adhesion or by an independent signal transduction event. Weaning failure is defined as either the failure of SBT or the need for reintubation within 48 h following extubation. Salt in food is directly related to blood pressure but also increases the palatability of processed foods and increases thirst, which may contribute to obesity. Cloning and analysis of rat heat shock factor binding protein 1 cDNA

alvesco spray beipackzettel citalopram 2014-09-26

Specific interaction between ribosomal protein leflox tablets for kids S4 and the alpha operon messenger RNA. Furthermore, this technique can provide real-time guidance for the surgeon and increase safety for the patient. Student experiences and perceptions are valuable in the planning, implementation and review stages of local recruitment initiatives.

citalopram 40 mg vs lexapro and alcohol 2013-11-12

Tissue damage lexinor 200 mg caffeine within normal appearing white matter in early multiple sclerosis: assessment by the ratio of T1- and T2-weighted MR image intensity. No postoperative complications or recurrent PFP had occurred at a median follow-up of 19 months. In this study, elementary school children were identified for an asthma education program through a screening questionnaire, followed by a comprehensive family survey.

citalopram drinking alcohol 2012-03-16

In one group a loading dose of papaveretum was administered by continuous intravenous infusion (1 mg/min) until the patient could breathe deeply without undue pain. In future physical activity intervention trials, it may be possible to screen participants for baseline hiconcil 500 mg dawkowanie tranu characteristics in order to target minimal-intensity interventions to those most likely to benefit. Green tea contains a high concentration of such catechins as (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECg), and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg). We derived the probabilities of overdiagnosis by quartiles of polygenic risk considering that the observed prevalence of screen-detected prostate cancer is a combination of underlying incidence, mean sojourn time (MST), test sensitivity, and overdiagnosis. Also reports on the outcomes of prospective studies related to the subject, by literature review are presented.