on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Etambutol (Ethambutol)

Etambutol is a prescription medication used for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. It is usually given in combination with other tuberculosis drugs, such as isoniazid, rifampicin and pyrazinamide. This medication may be prescribed for other uses. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information.

Other names for this medication:
Ethambutol, Myambutol, Combutol, Ecox, Etambutol, Etapiam, Etibi, Macox, Pulna, Rifafour, Rimstar, Tibutol, Turresis,

Similar Products:
Finasept, Nevotek, Xepaprim, Cusiviral, Triconex, Itrin, Kepinol, Negazole, Moxilen, Extina, Nortin, Clindamax, Compazine, Topiramato, Uriprim, Spamilan, Topcef, Axepta, Pristinex, Adecur, Elcontrol, Alphamox, Trant, Augmentin, Venax, Clavucid, Anamet,

etambutol 400 mg precio

Thyreotropic hormone releasing hormone studies in euthyreotic autonomous adenoma Is a computer-assisted design and computer-assisted manufacturing method for mandibular reconstruction economically viable?

etambutol 500 mg

Percutaneous stenting of bilateral central venous occlusions in a hemodialysis patient. Results from this study can be used to improve cultural competency in addressing patient concerns. The dipolar side chains play a large role in the opsin shift from red to green. Differences in the frequency of expression of these markers also were analyzed in relation to histopathologic characteristics, recurrence, and survival.

rifampicina isoniazida pirazinamida etambutol dose

To evaluate the difference between radiographic size on computed tomography (CT) and the pathological size of renal tumours, in contemporary patients. The fabrication of drug-loaded MPN capsules, which is based on the formation of coordination complexes between natural polyphenols and metal ions over a drug-coated template, represents a rapid strategy to engineer robust and versatile drug delivery carriers. In contrast, IL-6 stimulated laminin mRNA expression only after 48 h incubation (2.5-fold upon basal level). A circular reaction sequence which comprises formation and dissociation of D-loops and inactivation and reactivation of superhelical closed circular DNA promoted by recA protein of Escherichia coli. A practical 24 channel microelectrode for neural recording in vivo.

etambutol nombre comercial y generico

Based on the model, a working hypothesis has been proposed, by which it is possible to predict the frequency of local recurrence and late edema. Results of clinical chemistry tests are often initially interpreted by relatively inexperienced junior medical staff, and therefore a major role of clinical chemists is to ensure that their laboratory tests are utilized and interpreted appropriately. The role of the mPFC in stress/drug reactivity interactions is largely unknown. The established method was precise and accurate for measurement of most elements in DBS. After the initial unstable phase, various calcium carbonate crystal planes adhere on the surface and then grow on the surface.

sediaan tablet etambutol

GRIF-1 and OIP106, members of a novel gene family of coiled-coil domain proteins: association in vivo and in vitro with kinesin. Induction of the synthesis of latent collagenase and latent neutral protease in chondrocytes by a factor synthesized by activated macrophages. The formation of polytene chromosomes during macronuclear development of the ciliate Stylonychia mytilus was examined in spread electron microscopical preparations. Lateral and transmembrane redistribution of tissue-specific antigens in single cells and monolayers.

etambutol nombre comercial y generico

It mainly involves the stomach and small intestine with no reported cases of eosinophilic esophagitis caused by Anisakidea. Ichthyosis bullosa of Siemens (IBS) is a congenital bullous ichthyosis without erythroderma.

etambutol 400 mg prospect

Association between chronic hepatitis C infection and coronary flow reserve in dialysis patients with failed renal allografts. After a discussion of beta-lactamase structure, two possible mechanisms of beta-lactamase inactivation are examined: chemical inactivation and physical denaturation. The data obtained show that phosphatidylserine-based coatings, whilst resorbing, drive the growing bone into apposition with the metal surface. coli, yielding core-defective mutants, increased the surface hydrophobicity, as assessed by aqueous two-phase partitioning and hydrophobic interaction chromatography, and promoted the association with PMNL and HeLa cells.

sediaan etambutol tablet

Other hypothetical MCH-R subtypes may be expressed in specific tissues, e.g., in the pigment cell system. Studies presenting data relevant to the relationship between PDA and mortality and morbidity were identified via a systematic literature review. Characteristic analysis of NA gene of human influenza viruses (H3N2) isolated from 1996 to 2005 in China

etambutol 500 mg

This 5200-dalton protein has a different electrophoretic mobility from the murine protein AA. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of heteronuclear cobalt(II)-copper(II) complex of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone. Expression of MMP1 mRNA was weak in OA samples, however, while expression of ADAMTS5 and APOL1 mRNAs was weak in the controls and some of the OA samples.

etambutol bp 400 mg

We characterized selected spots by in-gel digestion, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry, and nanospray Fourier transform mass spectrometry. We present a case of a 62-year-old woman who underwent routine laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis at another hospital.

ethambutol dose in renal impairment symptoms

  • ethambutol dose in renal impairment causes
  • sediaan tablet etambutol
  • ethambutol hcl bp 400 mg equals how many teaspoons
  • ethambutol dosage forms of aspirin
  • ethambutol drug action pack
  • ethambutol dose for adults
  • isoniacida rifampicina pirazinamida ethambutol dose
  • ethambutol side effects ophthalmology management
  • ethambutol available doses
  • ethambutol drug sheet
  • isoniazid and ethambutol induced psychosis haunted
  • ethambutol dose in renal impairment symptoms
  • ethambutol hcl obat apa dexamethasone
  • ethambutol hcl msds flinn
  • ethambutol hydrochloride and isoniazid tablets 300mg
  • ethambutol hydrochloride tablets ip
  • ethambutol 400 mg prettiest
  • etambutol hydrochloride bula
  • rifampin isoniazid pyrazinamide ethambutol side effects
  • ethambutol hydrochloride and isoniazid tablets usp
  • etambutol 400 mg prospect
  • ethambutol drug monograph lasix
  • ethambutol hydrochloride sigma
  • ethambutol emb side effects
  • ethambutol side effects vision benefits
  • thuoc ethambutol hydrochloride side
  • etambutol nombre generico y comercial
  • gia thuoc ethambutol dosage
  • ethambutol hydrochloride solubility curves
  • rifampicin isoniazid pyrazinamide ethambutol dosage
  • sediaan etambutol tablet
  • ethambutol hcl structure
  • rifampin and ethambutol adverse effects
  • retrobulbar neuritis ethambutol hcl
  • thuoc ethambutol dosage
  • ethambutol dosage mac
  • ethambutol 400 mg pretentious
  • rifampin isoniazid ethambutol side effects
  • etambutol bp 400 mg
  • ethambutol side effects ophthalmology definition
  • ethambutol optic neuropathy in children
  • ethambutol eye damage symptoms
  • ethambutol renal dose adjustments
  • rifampicina isoniazida pirazinamida etambutol dose
  • etambutol tabletas 400 mg
  • gia thuoc ethambutol drug
  • ethambutol hcl msds science
  • streptomycin vs ethambutol tb meningitis brain
  • etambutol clorhidrato 400 mg tableta
  • etambutol 400 mg nombre comercial
  • etambutol 500 mg
  • ethambutol hydrochloride solubility rules
  • etambutol nombre comercial y generico
  • ethambutol hydrochloride 275 mg to grams
  • ethambutol drug target prediction
  • etambutol 400 mg
  • ethambutol+inh tablets
  • etambutol 400 mg tabletas
  • ethambutol max dose
  • nombre generico y comercial del etambutol
  • ethambutol dose modification in renal failure
  • rifampicin isoniazid pyrazinamide and ethambutol tablets comparison
  • ethambutol drug dose calculator
  • ethambutol tabletas next tabs
  • ethambutol hydrochloride adalah tupai
  • ethambutol hcl tablets msds
  • ethambutol treatment
  • ethambutol adverse drug reaction
  • nombre comercial y generico del etambutol
  • ethambutol tablets usp monographs
  • ethambutol side effects ocular albinism
  • ethambutol 275 mg
  • ethambutol tablets ipad
  • ethambutol dose adjustment for normal eating
  • isoniazid rifampicin pyrazinamide ethambutol dosage
  • ethambutol side effects eye surgery
  • ethambutol other drugs in same class as lexapro
  • etambutol 400 mg precio
  • clorhidrato de ethambutol tablets apple
  • rifampin isoniazid pyrazinamide ethambutol hydrochloride
  • ethambutol drug dosage practice
  • ethambutol hydrochloride usp monograph for sodium
  • ethambutol hydrochloride usp monograph calcium
  • ethambutol tablet

etambutol 400 mg prospect

Carbon dioxide concentration profile through the biofilter revealed that the mass ratios of carbon dioxide produced to the toluene and benzene removed were 2.15 g(CO2)/g(toluene) and 1.67 g(CO2)/g(benzene), which furthermore, confirmed the biodegradation performance in biofilter. We studied 34 patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy who had infravesical obstruction with a high opening pressure and a stable bladder. No changes in the immunohistochemical patterns of any of these cell types were found during infancy and adulthood. Cross calibration of DXA as part of an equipment replacement program. The gene product of gene 44 of Mu phage (gp44) is an essential protein for baseplate assembly and has been designated as gpP, a traditional genetic assignment.

etambutol clorhidrato 400 mg tableta

Biodegradation kinetics of tetrahydrofuran, benzene, toluene, and ethylbenzene as multi-substrate by Pseudomonas oleovorans DT4. Balneoclimatic factors in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases The dual-energy subtraction CTA has better effectiveness when used for non-cooperation patients. Heart, brain, and mind: a case series of multifactorial ischemic strokes in children. We suggest to adhere strictly to the guidelines of an adequate surgical exposure during open cholecystectomy to prevent biliary tract injuries.

sediaan etambutol tablet

This technique employs image registration and MS analysis to identify MS tissue class transitions between serial MRI exams. Moreover, during the drug-free recovery phase, plasma miR-215 returned to predose levels, supporting a corresponding recovery of histologic lesions. Thirty cases of anembryonic pregnancy were diagnosed using ultrasound scanning that showed an empty gestation sac with no embryo pole in the uterus. (3) Ineffective concentrations of AP/IMS agents become effective when combined with dB6.

ethambutol optic neuropathy in children

This review will focus on the potential roles of six representative proteinases that are involved in various aspects of ovulatory processes: matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain with thrombospondin motif (ADAMTS), cathepsin-L, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), and bone morphogenetic protein 1/mammalian Tolloid (BMP-1/mTld). Several agents used for treatment of colon and other cancers induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and this plays an important role in their anticancer activities.

ethambutol tabletas next tabs

Comparison of overlap ratios of the target volume in different respiratory states with active breathing control for external-beam partial breast irradiation Medication management of behavioral and psychiatric problems is complicated by a higher risk for adverse events, lack of decision-making capacity, and complex care networks. Visual outcomes and astigmatism after sutureless, manual cataract extraction in rural China: study of cataract outcomes and up-take of services (SCOUTS) in the caring is hip project, report 1.

ethambutol drug dose calculator

Terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification in photonic crystal microcavities. In this study we assessed the capacity of two inhibitors, FcERI-IgG, an immunoadhesin made up of the alpha chain of the high-affinity IgE receptor joined to a truncated IgG heavy chain, and MaE11, a humanized murine anti-human IgE antibody, to prevent allergen sensitization. The evolution of matrotrophy introduces the potential for genomic conflicts between mothers and embryos. Oestradiol and progesterone receptors in the mammary tissue and tumours of female Holtzman rats following 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene administration.

ethambutol drug dosage practice

All other constitutive mRNA and protein expression levels were not correlated to any drug response and were not significantly influenced by a short term treatment. Fluorescence microscope and fluorescence microplate reader were used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Achieving and maintaining therapeutic levels requires a co-ordinated approach which may be difficult for busy junior doctors and laboratories.

etambutol 400 mg prospect

The role of dietary carbohydrate and fiber in the control of diabetes. A possible role is suggested for lung epithelial irritant receptors or for the tonic late-expiratory activity from pulmonary stretch receptors. Studies have suggested that these individual differences were mediated by behavioral factors such as social hierarchy. Vesico-urethral anastomosis (VUA) is a technically challenging step in robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) in obese individuals.

nombre comercial y generico del etambutol

Phosphorylation-independent arrestin2 mutants dramatically reduce receptor phosphorylation in response to an agonist both in vitro and in cells. The rate of DEET degradation increased exponentially with temperature in the range studied (20-50 degrees C) and in proportion with the dosage of ozone applied. Although unmeasured state characteristics that changed contemporaneously with CSL might account for these results, unobserved genetic variation is unlikely to do so. Little is known about long-term prognosis of detecting pseudarthrosis 1 year after ACDF. To clarify the location of the spinal innervation of the FHL, physiologic techniques were used both to identify the ventral roots supplying the FHL and to relate the distribution of its segmental innervation to that of another calf muscle, the soleus, in the same cat.

isoniazid and ethambutol induced psychosis haunted

Congenital absence or hypoplasia of some or all major salivary or lacrimal glands, nasolacrimal ducts, and puncta is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. Mobility behaviour of amino acids on silica static phase: micelles activated separations.

ethambutol hcl msds flinn

phi PLS27 was found to be a Bradley type C phage and was very similar to coliphage T7 in a number of properties, including size, buoyant density, mass, and the number of structural proteins. Chemical thrombolysis in cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is one of the treatment options and the data is limited. Distribution, application and effectiveness of anti-D gamma preparations Inducible clindamycin resistance (iMLS B--inducible Macrolide-Lincosamide-Streptogramin B resistance) is a critical factor in antimicrobial susceptibility testing.

etambutol nombre comercial y generico

The combined transventricular and supracerebellar infratentorial approach offers a unique possibility of safely removing giant pediatric midline tumors. The clinical symptoms vary widely as to the age of onset, disease progression and severity. To prevent undesired toxicity and to improve drug behaviour and efficacy, drug carrier systems have been developed that selectively deliver the therapeutics into the activated endothelial cells. Pleural infection remains a common illness, with a high morbidity and mortality.

ethambutol side effects vision benefits

Hypnosis has had a gradual conceptual emergence from an alleged mystical experience, to sleep, to a psychological shift in concentration that activates a preexisting neuro-physiological circuitry. Morphine and D-Ala2-Met-enkephalin as well as other opioids suppress potassium-stimulated release of 3H-labeled dopamine from neurons tissue of two marine invertebrates, Mytilus edulis and Octopus bimaculatus. In women with recurrent early-stage endometrioid carcinoma, our study suggests that site of recurrence (pelvic vs extra pelvic) is the only predictor of survival.

ethambutol 400 mg prettiest

The effects of common genetic polymorphisms in clotting factors are discussed and examples of complex gene-gene and gene-environment interactions are highlighted. STZ-induced diabetic rats carrying Ad5hTRAIL-infected islets experienced prolonged normoglycemia compared with animals grafted with mock-infected or AdCMVLacZ-infected islets. By this procedure, the endplate stain was retained even after the hybridization and autoradiographic procedures, and the developed grains due to radiolabeling of the AChR epsilon-subunit mRNA were localized at readily identified endplates.

ethambutol hydrochloride tablets ip

glabra showed great promise as potential candidates for anticancer drugs as they inhibited the growth of all six cancer cell lines. A prospective study of human polyomavirus infection in pregnancy.

rifampin and ethambutol adverse effects

Establishment of the methods to detect nucleophosmin gene and its mutation in acute myelogenous leukemia Mytilus edulis was exposed under controlled conditions to a panel of model pro-oxidants (H(2)O(2), CdCl(2) and menadione) for 24h.

ethambutol drug dose calculator

Proposals on the control of VERO cells used to prepare inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine. A preliminary study on health effects in villagers exposed to mercury in a small-scale artisanal gold mining area in Indonesia. The antibiotic penetrated well into the empyemic pleural fluid (AUC(PF)/AUC(serum) ratio of 1.57). Strategies to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis must be adapted to the local epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection.

nombre generico y comercial del etambutol

The results indicate that the degree of myocardial injury following chronic post-infarction remodeling could be reliably quantified (performed in triplicates) using BIS. Video-microscopic examination revealed that terminal hair was rarely observed after irradiation, although the amount of vellus hair after irradiation was the same as that before irradiation. By analyzing the relative contributions of the subcellular compliances to the mean compliance, we find that the cytoplasm is much more mechanically heterogeneous than reconstituted actin filament networks.

etambutol 500 mg

Our aim was to evaluate feasibility, safety, and short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in patients with a mucocele of appendix secondary to mucinous cystadenoma. Changes in scores on health status questionnaires are difficult to interpret.

clorhidrato de ethambutol tablets apple

Participants received complete medical assessment and their 24 hours urine sodium was measured. joint in 3 cattle was proved to be a valuable adjunct to the other examination methods available.

ethambutol hydrochloride usp monograph calcium

Changes in BF and MRglu parameters can be remarkably heterogeneous in patients with multiple lesions. Experimental studies have demonstrated the renoprotective effects of EPO in various acute and chronic renal injury models. Development of a group and family-based cognitive behavioural therapy program for youth at risk for psychosis. CST mRNA (RT-PCR) and CST (confocal laser microscopy) were measured separately in both the neuroretina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).

etambutol tabletas 400 mg

A novel TRPV4-specific agonist inhibits monocyte adhesion and atherosclerosis. Using a continuous-flow instrument (SMAC, Technicon), we determined the following analytes in each serum sample: glucose, creatinine, uric acid, inorganic phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride, total CO2, iron, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, total bilirubin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and calcium. Antigen-specific beta-chemokine production and CD8 T-cell noncytotoxic antiviral activity in HIV-2-infected individuals. Heterodimeric nitrate reductase (NapAB) from Cupriavidus necator H16: purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis.

rifampicina isoniazida pirazinamida etambutol dose

Judicial expertise in blood alcohol determination and toxicological analysis Reassembly of protein-lipid complexes into large bilayer vesicles: perspectives for membrane reconstitution. Effect of concurrent radiation therapy and chemotherapy on pulmonary function in patients with esophageal cancer: dose-volume histogram analysis. Flavonols, flavones, flavanones, and human health: epidemiological evidence. On the other hand the therapeutic effect is difficult to evaluate not only because of clinically and hitherto also technically poor accessability of the brain but also because of differences in tumour classification systems, and consequently limited comparability.

ethambutol side effects ophthalmology management

Four months later, serum CEA increased again and PET-CT demonstrated a 3 cm mass with calcification in pelvic, and accumulation of FDP. Therefore, early rehabilitation was required to acquire functional recovery after a hip fracture operation in the short-term.

 Show Hide 
ethambutol dose adjustment for normal eating 2019-04-03

Thermal and nociceptive cutaneous stimuli activate the brain via two types of nerve fibers, slightly myelinated Adelta-fibers with moderate conduction velocity and unmyelinated C-fibers with slow conduction velocity. Intra-axial involvement of the common oculomotor nerve in mesencephalic infarctions A new fluorous DEAD reagent bearing two perfluoro-tert-butyloxy groups with propylene spacers shows excellent promise for use in omebeta 20 mg nebenwirkungen blutdrucksenker fluorous Mitsunobu reactions.

ethambutol dose in renal impairment symptoms 2019-09-03

A conventional technique like blood culture is positive in nearly 50 per cent of cases. The generation of high-affinity antibodies requires somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) at the immunoglobulin (Ig) locus. Adverse events during the procedure and within the first 3 losiram 10 mg nedirinse hours later were also recorded. Cancer pain assessment is complicated by a number of other bodily and mental symptoms such as fatigue and depression, all affecting quality of life. Together with nonionic surfactants, however, the shift of the one-phase region to higher temperatures is only a few degrees Celsius.

ethambutol hydrochloride and isoniazid tablets usp 2010-01-25

Although our findings should be interpreted cautiously, they raise the possibility that individuals participating beclabuvir daclatasvir dosage in multi-component treatment programmes for first-episode psychosis without interventions specifically targeting social cognition may still experience gains in social cognition. The internal ultrastructure of the cells was characterized by invaginated nuclei, cytoplasmic filaments and scanty endoplasmic reticulum. Treatment efficacy in the metastatic setting has been increased with the introduction of targeted substances.

etambutol bp 400 mg 2014-12-08

The production of elastase was significantly different only among mucoid and nonmucoid isolates. Our findings confirmed the population heterogeneity of the clindamycin phosphate topical gel usp 1207 Be-78 strain, and showed how differently it responds to the long-term infection in the same vertebrate hosts.

ethambutol adverse drug reaction 2017-11-30

None of the risk and protective factors or the LIBRA score was significantly associated with increased risk of severe cognitive impairment or dementia. Clinical parameters such as temperature, leukocyte count, erythrocyte count, and C-reactive protein on admission and length of hospital stay ulcozol omeprazole 20 mg preciosa were similar in the patients, regardless of their mycoplasma status. Enhanced counseling and support consisted of six sessions of individual and family counseling, support group participation, and continuous availability of ad-hoc telephone counseling.

ethambutol drug target prediction 2015-07-11

The optimal dose of timolol (10-30 mg twice daily) for each patient was titrated by exercise studies. The risk of heart failure, stroke, or retinopathy, or prevalent fasting versus postprandial hyperglycaemia, could also be considered in treatment decision making. We also observed that residues 11-20 in the N terminus were required for the enhanced lipid affinity induced by deletion reactie alergica la augmentin antibiotic of the C-terminal sequence. The prevalence and its screening methods of primary open angle glaucoma in defined population-based study of rural and urban in Beijing Sequence analysis of the unique Arabidopsis homologues of two subunits of ETF revealed their high similarity to both subunits of the mammalian ETF.

etambutol 400 mg tabletas 2015-12-20

Unfortunately, many authors in this field used questionable analytical methods and commercial kits that were not validated scientifically to evaluate the complex bioactive constituents of EVOO and lipid oxidation and decomposition products. The results also suggest that only the H(2)O molecules, which are surrounded or sandwiched by the gas molecules, form the stable polygons that constitute the cages of the clathrate. Therapeutic clearance of the totalip 40 mg principio attivo augmentin tumor molecular marker corresponded to the absence of BMP expression, suggesting the possible role of BMPs as markers of the minimal residual disease (MRD) in APL. Design and validation of a high-throughput assay to detect codon 146 polymorphisms in the caprine prion protein gene.

ethambutol eye damage symptoms 2016-10-14

Augmenting subcutaneous tissue reduces both the vertical forces nortylin 25 mg that cause direct pressure and the shear stresses imposed on plantar skin during horizontal acceleration or deceleration. Three expressed sequence tags (EST) have been cloned and sequenced,which were homologous to some mouse gene in Genbank. We enrolled 3305 cases (range 20-90 years) for which we retrospectively compared procalcitonin concentration, blood culture results, body temperature, absolute neutrophil count, and C-reactive protein concentration.

ethambutol emb side effects 2016-10-26

The diagnostic criteria of cardiac arrest were simplified and priority is given to thoracic compressions. Immunoglobulin deficiency was more severe and prolonged in patients with graft versus-host-disease. Aminopyrazoles are prepared omeprazole delayed release or regular from readily accessible sydnones and sulfonyl ynamides using either a copper-mediated sydnone alkyne cycloaddition (CuSAC) or in situ generated strained cyclic ynamides.

ethambutol hcl msds science 2018-02-03

The VEGF-C protein was detectable 3 days after injury, reached the peak 5 days after injury, and gradually decreased. The middle size of CMC-Ph microcapsules was prepared by optimized metronidazole 500 mg composition co-flow microfluidics through ejecting fluid CMC-Ph suspension (mixed with HRP) into co-flowing liquid paraffin which blends H2O2 at priority. Various technologies for the implementation of a WiMAX (IEEE802.16) base station on board a high-altitude platform (HAP) are currently being researched.